open access


Motivation is a key factor determining the human resource performance in achieving da’wah organization’s goals. Migration (hijrah) of the Muhajirin depicts a reality of motivation among human resources of da’wah organization. An attempt for describing their motivation in that event is conducted under self-determination theory (SDT) approach. It is selected due to its ability to describe the forms of motivation, formed from both internalization and non-internalization of values, characteristics of motivation and its implications towards them. This article uses a descriptive qualitative methodology. Historical perspectives and Al Qur’an are used in exploring their motivation. This literature review indicates the Muhajirin have some motivation: (1) to find peace, tranquillity, and safety in practicing and preaching Islam; (2) to obey and be faithful to commands of Allah and His Messenger; (3) to gain a high life degree, reward of heaven, and Allah’s mercy; (4) to gather with a family of believers; (5) to state displeasure of previous society for persecuting and interfering practiced worships. Based on its characteristics, it is an autonomous motivation: an internalized extrinsic one. It impacts on quality of performance, work resilience, work engagement, high organizational commitment, and a protection against temptation of controlled motivation contrary to hijrah command.